تاثیر تمرینات جسمانی پیشرونده و توانبخشی شناختی بر بهبود انعطاف‌پذیری شناختی و رشد اجتماعی کودکان کم‌توان ذهنی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشگاه الزهرا (س)، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد

چکیده

مقدمه: هدف از انجام تحقیق حاضر، تعیین تاثیر تمرینات توانبخشی شناختی و جسمانی پیشرونده بر بهبود انعطاف‌پذیری شناختی و رشد اجتماعی دانش­آموزان کم‌توان ذهنی بود. روش: در این مطالعه نیمه‌تجربی،45 کودک کم‌توان ذهنی آموزش‌پذیر با دامنه سنی 8-12سال بر اساس معیارهای ورود به مطالعه انتخاب و در دو گروه تجربی و یک گروه کنترل قرار گرفتند. یافته‌ها: تحلیل کواریانس-واریانس یک‌راهه نشان داد بین میانگین متغیرهای رشد اجتماعی و خطای کل در گروه‌ها تفاوت معنادار نیست (05/0p>). نتایج تحلیل واریانس مرکب با اندازه های تکراری نشان داد میانگین متغیرهای تعداد طبقات و خطای درجاماندگی انعطاف‌پذیری شناختی در گروه‌های توانبخشی شناختی و تمرینات جسمانی پیشرونده در مرحله پس‌آزمون بهتر از پیش‌آزمون و بهتر از گروه کنترل بود (05/0p<). نتیجه‌گیری: می‌توان مهارت‌های شناختی و رفتاری کودکان کم‌توان ذهنی را از طریق تمرینات توانبخشی شناختی نیز آموزش و ارتقاء داد. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Cognitive Rehabilitation Training and Progressive Physical Training on Cognitive Flexibility and Social Developmental on Mentally Retarded Children

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Rahimianmashhadi 1
  • parvaneh shamsipoordehkordi 1
1 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Physical Education, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The purpose of this research, determination impact cognitive rehabilitation training and progressive physical training on improvement cognitive flexibility and social developmental mentally retarded children. Method: In this study of semi experimental, 45 educable mentally retarded children with age range 8 to 12 year, according inclusion criteria select in two groups experimental and one of group control were placed. Findings: Data analysis shows among average social developmental and total error, groups of progressive physical training and cognitive rehabilitation with group control in post test level difference statistics is not significant. Averages shows progressive physical training group have social developmental score better than to others groups in post test. The mean of cognitive flexibility in cognitive rehabilitation and progressive physical education groups was better than control group. Conclusion: Cognitive and behavioral skills of mentally retarded children can be found through cognitive rehabilitation exercises Training and development

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • cognitive rehabilitation
  • Progressive Physical Training
  • Mentally Retarded Children
  • Social Developmental
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