In collaboration with Payame Noor University and Iran Neuropsychology Association

Document Type : Original article



Introduction: Disorders of executive functions and working memory are considered as the components of the Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Working memory could be remediated by cognitive rehabilitation exercise. The purpose of the current study is to determine the effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation of working memory in reducing behavioral symptoms of children with ADHD. Method: The present semi-experimental study, was designed with pre-test and post-test of control and experimental group. Thirty children with ADHD were requited in the study and allocated into two control and intervention groups. The participants were matched in age, verbal and performance IQ. The intervention group received cognitive rehabilitation in 10 one-houre two days a week sessions. The participants of both groups were assessed in the first and the last treatment session with SNAP-IV tests in the first and the last session of intervention. Data were analyzed with T-test and covariance analysis using SPSS 20. Findings: The results showed that the intervention group has lower score in behavioral symptoms (attention deficit and impulsivity) and the difference between the group was significant (P=0.001) of ADHD after receiving cognitive rehabilitation of working memory. Conclusion: It can be concluded that cognitive rehabilitation of working memory leads to the improvement of behavioral symptoms of ADHD in children with ADHD. ​


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