تأثیر شنود هیجانی از الگو بر فعالیت نورون‌های آینه‌ای ورزشکاران مبتدی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای کنترل حرکتی، دانشگاه تهران. ایران.

2 دانشیار، دانشگاه تهران. ایران.

3 استادیار، دانشگاه تهران. ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: شنود هیجانی اطلاعاتی است که مشاهده­گر از طریق دیدن و شنیدن واکنش­های هیجانی شخص ثالث (مربی) در مقابل فرد دیگر (الگو) دریافت می­کند. به نظر می­رسد یکی از سازوکارهای مسئول این امر نورون‌های آینه­ای باشد اما شیوه اثرگذاری شنود هیجانی بر فعالیت این دسته از نورون­ها روشن نیست. لذا هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر شنود هیجانی از الگو بر فعالیت نورون‌های آینه­ای (سرکوب ریتم میو) بود. روش: بدین منظور 22 ورزشکار مبتدی راست­دست (میانگین سنی 10/1±69/20) به‌صورت داوطلبانه در پژوهش حاضر شرکت کردند. این شرکت­کنندگان شاهد سه فیلم ویدئویی آموزش پرتاب آزاد بودند که در آن واکنش هیجانی (مثبت، خنثی و منفی) مربی و الگو نسبت به اجرای الگو نیز به نمایش درآمده بود. با استفاده از دستگاه الکتروآنسفالوگرام چهار ثبت امواج مغزی از شرکت­کنندگان به عمل آمد: یک ثبت پایه با چشمان باز که بیانگر فعالیت نورون‌های آینه­ای در حالت استراحت بود و سه ثبت حین شنود هیجانی مثبت، خنثی و منفی در سه ناحیه C3، C4 و Cz. یافته­ها: نتایج تحلیل واریانس درون­گروهی 3×3 نشان داد ریتم میو حین هر سه حالت شنود هیجانی و در هر سه منطقه مرکزی سرکوب شد (001/0 pنتیجه­گیری: بدین ترتیب یافته­ها همخوان با فرضیه جاذبه در خصوص ارتباط هیجانات منفی و نیز فرضیه نیمکره راست بوده و به نظر می­رسد شنود هیجانی فعالیت نورون‌های آینه­ای را تعدیل می­کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Emotional Eavesdropping of Model on Mirror Neurons Activity in Novice Athletes

نویسندگان [English]

  • Elham Hatami shahmir 1
  • Mahdi Shahbazi 2
  • Shahzad Tahmasebi boroujeni 3
  • Ali akbar Jaberi moghaddam 3
  • Elham Shirzad 3
1 P.h.D student of motor control, Tehran University, Iran.
2 Associate Professor, Tehran University, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor, Tehran University, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Emotional eavesdropping is information that observer receives by listening and watching emotional reactions directed by third party (as coach) to another (model). It seems mirror neurons system is one mechanism responsible for this but ways in which emotional eavesdropping discharges this neurons are not clear. So the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of emotional eavesdropping of model on mirror neurons activity (mu rhythm suppression). Methods: For this reason, 22 right hand novice athletes (average age 20/69±1/10) participate voluntary in this research. These participants observed three instructional video of free throw in basketball that also display emotional reactions (positive, neutral, negative) of coach and model about model performance. Four Brain waves records were done by electroencephalographic assessments: one base record with open eyes as index of mirror neurons activity in rest and three records during positive, neutral and negative emotional eavesdropping in three regions C3, C4 and Cz. Findings: 3×3 within subjects ANOVA findings demonstrated that mu rhythm suppressed during three emotional eavesdropping in three central regions. Post hoc results showed more significant mu rhythm suppression during negative emotional eavesdropping in C4 than other conditions. Conclusion: thus, these findings confirm valance hypothesis about negative emotion and right hemisphere hypothesis and it seems emotional eavesdropping modulate mirror neurons activity.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Electroencephalography
  • Emotional Eavesdropping
  • Observational Learning
  • Mirror neurons
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دوره 2، شماره 7
زمستان 1395
صفحه 9-26