روابط ساختاری فعالیت سیستم‌های مغزی رفتاری، راهبردهای فرایندی نظم‌جویی هیجان و رفتارهای پرخطر

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار، گروه روان‌شناسی بالینی، دانشکده روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی. تهران. ایران.

2 کارشناسی ارشد روان‌شناسی بالینی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی زنجان. روان‌شناس بهزیستی شهر زنجان. زنجان. ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: رفتارهای پرخطر یکی از دلایل مهم مرگ‌ومیر در دوره نوجوانی است. هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی الگوی روابط ساختاری فعالیت سیستم­های مغزی رفتاری، راهبردهای فرایندی نظم­جویی هیجان و رفتارهای پرخطر بود. روش: 410 نفر (210 دختر و 200 نفر پسر) از دانش­آموزان شهر کرج با استفاده از نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای چندمرحله­ای انتخاب شدند و توسط پرسشنامه رفتارهای پرخطر نوجوانان، مقیاس‌ پنج عاملی جکسون و پرسشنامه نظم­جویی هیجان مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفتند. پس از گردآوری داده‌ها نرم‌افزارهای Lisrel و SPSS برای تحلیل داده‌ها استفاده شد. یافته­ها: یافته‌ها نشان که سیستم بازداری رفتاری (BIS)، سیستم فعال‌ساز رفتاری (BAS) و مؤلفه‌های سیستم ستیز/گریز/انجماد (FFFS) تأثیر مستقیم بر رفتارهای پرخطر دارد. علاوه بر این، ارزیابی مجدد تجارب هیجانی با تعدیل اثر فعالیت سیستم­های مغزی رفتاری در رفتارهای پرخطر نوجوانان نقش میانجی­گر کاهشی دارد، درحالی­که فرونشانی تجارب هیجانی با تعدیل فعالیت سیستم­های مغزی رفتاری در رفتارهای پرخطر نوجوانان نقش میانجی­گر مستقیم دارد. نتیجه­گیری: به‌طور کلی یافته‌های پژوهش حاضر از نقش پایه­های زیستی شخصیت و راهبردهای نظم­جویی هیجان در بروز رفتارهای پرخطر حمایت می­کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Structural Relationship Model of Brain Behavior Systems Activity, Process Emotion Regulation Strategies and Risky Behavior

نویسندگان [English]

  • Jafar Hassani 1
  • Zahra Khalaji 2
1 Associated Professor, Clinical Psychology Department, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
2 M.A in Clinical Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Zanjan, Zanjan Welfare Psychologist, Zanjan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Risky behaviors are one of the most important causes of mortality in adolescents. The purpose of this study was to investigate the pattern of structural relationships between brain-behavioral systems activity, process emotion regulation strategies and risky behaviors. Method: 410 students (210 females and 200 males) were selected from the students of Karaj using multistage cluster sampling and assessed by adolescents’ risky behaviors questionnaire, Jackson Factor Scale, and emotional ordering questionnaire. After collecting data, Lisrel software and SPSS software were used for data analysis. Findings: The findings show that BAS, BAS and FFFS components have a direct effect on risky behaviors. Additionally, the reappraisal of emotional experiences by reducing the effect of the activity of brain-behavioral systems in the risky behaviors of adolescents has a mediator role, while the suppression of emotional experiences by mediating the activity of brain-behavioral systems in high-risk behaviors of adolescents has a direct mediator role. Conclusion: In general, the findings of this study support the role of physiological bases of personality and emotion regulation strategies in the incidence of risky behaviors.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Risky Behaviors
  • Emotional Regulation
  • Personality
  • Brain-behavioral systems
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