تاثیر مداخله خودگویی مثبت بر پاسخ‌های روانی فیزیولویکی اضطراب رقابتی و اعتماد به نفس در ورزشکاران نخبه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه تهران

2 کارشناس ارشد روان شناسی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار، دانشکده روان شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

4 دانشجوی دکتری رفتار حرکتی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

5 کارشناس ارشد روان شناسی بالینی، دانشکده روان شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

6 دانشجوی دکتری روان شناسی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر تعیین تأثیر یک دوره تمرین خودگویی مثبت بر پاسخ­های اضطراب رقابتی، مقادیر کورتیزول بزاقی و اعتماد به نفس در ووشوکاران نخبه بود.روش‌: برای این منظور، 26 ورزشکار نخبه مرد در این پژوهش شرکت کردند که در دو گروه تجربی و کنترل قرار گرفتند. در پیش­آزمون (مسابقه اول) اضطراب رقابتی و اعتماد به نفس هم­چنین، سطح کورتیزول بزاقی در هر دو گروه سنجیده شد. گروه تجربی پروتکل مربوط را انجام دادند و پس آزمون در مسابقه دوم به عمل آمد. داده­ها با استفاده از آزمون تی وابسته و تحلیل کوواریانس تک متغیره تحلیل شدند.یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد که بعد از مداخله، اضطراب رقابتی و کورتیزول بزاقی کاهش داشته است هم­چنین، نمرات اعتماد به نفس ووشوکاران بعد از مداخله افزایش پیدا کرد.نتیجه گیری: به طور کلی می­توان نتیجه گرفت که تمرین خودگویی مثبت می­تواند راهبردی برای کاهش پاسخ­های روانی­فیزیولوژیکی اضطراب رقابتی و بهبود اعتماد به نفس باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Affect of Positive Self-talk Intervention on Psychophysiological Responses of Competitive Anxiety and Self-confidence in Elite Athletes

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Khabiri 1
  • Ramin Mansouri 2
  • Ali Moghadam Zadeh 3
  • Ayoub Asadi 4
  • Elahe Hafezi 5
  • Amir Hossien Mehrsafar 6
1 Department of sport psychology, Faculty of sport sciences, University of Tehran
2 . M. A. in Sport Psychology, Faculty of Sport sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Faculty of psychology, University of Tehran, , Tehran, Tehran, Iran
4 Ph.D student in Motor Behaviour, Faculty of Sport sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Tehran, Iran
5 . M. A. in Clinical Psychology, Faculty of psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Tehran, Iran
6 . PhD student. in Sport Psychology, Faculty of Sport sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]






Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of positive self- talk on competitive anxiety responses, salivary cortisol levels ​​and self-confidence in elite Wushu athletes.methods: For this purpose, 26 elite athlete’s man who participated in this study and were divided into two experimental and control groups. Competitive anxiety and self-confidence also salivary cortisol levels were measured in both groups in pre-test (first competition). The experimental group performed practice and post-test protocol was performed (second competition). Data were analyzed by paired t test and ANCOVA test.Findings : The results showed that after intervention competitive anxiety and salivary cortisol has decreased. Self-confidence scores after the intervention also increased.Conclusion: In general, it can be concluded that positive self-talk intervention can be a strategy to reduce psychophysiological responses of competitive anxiety and improve self-confidence.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Competitive anxiety
  • salivary cortisol
  • self-confidence
  • self-talk
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