تأثیر مشاهده الگوی زنده و ویدئویی بر فعال‌سازی نورون‌های آینه‌ای در مهارت روپایی فوتبال

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار رفتار حرکتی،دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی، تهران، ایران.

2 کارشناس ارشد رفتار حرکتی،دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی، تهران، ایران.

10.30473/clpsy.2019.44196.1397

چکیده

هدف: هدف پژوهش حاضر،تعیین تأثیر مشاهده الگوی زنده و ویدئویی بر فعال­سازی نورون­های آینه­ای در مهارت روپایی فوتبال بود. روش:24 شرکت­کننده در المپیادهای دانش­آموزی به­طور داوطلبانه در این تحقیق شرکت کرده و به­صورت تصادفی و جفت شده در دو گروه مشاهده الگوی زنده و ویدئویی قرارگرفتند. امواج مغزی در حالت استراحت، مشاهدۀ الگوی زنده و ویدیوئی با استفاده از دستگاه الکتروانسفالوگرافی ثبت گردید. سرکوب ریتم میو، به­عنوان شاخصی از فعالیت نورون­های آینه­ای، به‌صورت نسبت توان مطلق موج آلفا هنگام مشاهدۀ الگوی زنده و ویدئویی به توان مطلق موج آلفا درحالت استراحت محاسبه شد. یافته­ ها: نتایج نشان داد بین سرکوب ریتم میو دوگروه مشاهده الگوی زنده و ویدئویی در مناطق 34C و CZتفاوت معناداری وجود ندارد، همچنین توان مطلق موج آلفا در حالت مشاهده نسبت به استراحت در هر سه منطقه عصبی سرکوب معناداری داشته است. نتیجه­ گیری: باتوجه­ به فعال­سازی نورون­های آینه­ای در هر دو الگو، پیشنهاد می­شود مربیان در صورت محدودیت در استفاده از الگوی زنده، در آموزش مهارت­ روپایی فوتبال از نمایش ویدیوئی به­جای الگوی زنده استفاده کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effects of Live and Video Model observation on Mirror Neurons Activation in soccer Keep- Up

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farzaneh Hatami 1
  • Farshid Tahmasbi 1
  • Ali Yousef pour 2
1 Assistant Professor of Motor Management, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran.
2 M.A of Motor Management, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Aim:The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of video and live observation on activation of mirror neurons in football keep- up skill. Metod:Twenty-four students (mean age: 17.66  0.816 years) who have taken part in Olympiads competition, voluntarily participated ad yoked into live and video observation. Participants’ brain waves were recorded by EEG in open eye resting and observing live and video observation conditions. Mu rhythm Suppression, as the mirror neuron activation, was calculated as a ratio of the alpha absolute power during observation of video and live models relative to the alpha absolute power in the baseline condition (rest) Findings:Results showed that there were no significant differences in mu rhythm suppression between live and video observation groups in C3, Cz and C4 brain areas. In addition, absolute alpha power was suppressed significantly in observation conditions compared to rest. Conclusion: Regarding the activation of mirror neurons in both live and video observation, our result suggested that in the case of limitation in the use of the live model, video model can be used in soccer keep- up skill.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Mirror neurons
  • Live model
  • Video model
  • Electroencephalography
  • Mu rhythm Suppression
Bandura, A. (1997). Social learning theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall; Pp: 247.

Bandura, A.(1986). Social foundations of thougth and action: A social cognitive theory.EnglewoodCliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall

Charlop-Christy, M.H., Le, L., & Freeman, K.A. (2000). A comparison of video modeling with in vivo modeling for teaching children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30(6); Pp: 537–52.

Cheng, Y., Lee, P.L., Yang, Ch.Y., Lin, Ch.P., Hung, D., & Decety, J. (2008). Gender differences in the Mu Rhythm of the human mirror-neuron system. Plos One, ‌3‌(5); Pp: 13-21.

Fabbri, D., & ‌Rizzolatti, G.M. (2008). Mirror neurons and mirror systems in monkeys and humans. Physiology, 23(3) ; Pp: 171-9

Gallese, V., Fadiga, L., Fogassi, L., & Rizzolatti, G. (1996). Action recognition in the premotor cortex. Brain, 119; Pp: 593–609.

Hatami, F., Tahmasbi, F., & Hatami Shahmir, E. (2017). The effect of action observation and motor imagery on mu rhythm suppression in basketball free throw shot. Neuropsychology. Vol. 3, No.2, (Series 8). ); Pp:  83-100. (In Persian).

 Hatami, F., Tahmasbi,  F., & sheikhi, S. (2017).The Effects of Model Skill Level on Mu Rhythm Suppression in Basketball Lay- up Shot.  Motor Behavior, 9 (28); Pp: 141-54 (In Persian).

Jarvelainen, J., Schurmann, M., Avikainen, S., & Hari, R. (2001). Stronger reactivity of the human primary motor cortex during observation of live rather than video motor acts. Neuroreport, 12(16); Pp: 3493–5.

Kim, T., & Cruz, A. (2011). Differences in brain activation during motor imagery and action observation of golf putting. Department of Physical Education Keimyung University South Korea, 6(15); Pp: 3132-38.

Magill, R. A. (2007). Motor learning and control: Concepts and applications. McGraw-Hill Higher Education, Boston, 8th edition; Pp:429.

Maleki, F., Shafinia, P., Zarghami, M. & Ostavan, Z. (2012). The influence of various types of observational based teaching on cognitive learning in handstand Gymnastic skill. Sport management and motor behavior journal, 8(16); Pp: 89-106. In Persian.

MoradiFarsani, N., TaheriTorbati, H.R., & Saberi Kakhki, A.R. (2017). The Effect of Video Modeling and in Vivo Modeling on Acquisition, Retention and Transmission of a Throwing Skill in Children with Autism. Motor Behavior, 9 (27); Pp: 35-48. In Persian.

Moriguchi, Y., Hiraki, K. (2014). Neural basis of learning from television in young children. Trends in Neuroscience and Education. 3. 122-127

Perani, D., Fazio, F., Borghese, N.A., Tettamanti, M., Ferrari, S., Decety, J., et al. (2001). Different brain correlates for watching real and virtual hand actions. Neuroimage, 14(3); Pp: 749–58.

Pirmoradian. M., Movahedi, A.R., & Bahram, A. (2013). A Comparative Study on the Effectiveness of Video Modeling and Video Self–modeling on Interventions on Learning of Basketball Free Throws in Children with Intellectual Disabilities. Journal of Exceptional Children, 14(1); Pp: 47-56. In Persian.

Reo, J.A., & Mercer, V.S. (2004). Effects of live, videotaped, or written instruction on learning an upper-extremity exercise program. Physical Therapy, 84(7); Pp:622-33

Riyahi Farsani, J., Abdoli, B., Moeini, Rad S., and Asadi, F. (2012). The effect of using computer games on learning free throw Basketball skill and comparison with skilled and learning pattern. Research in Sport Management and Motor Behavior, 6(22); Pp: 1-14. In Persian

   Rizzolatti, G., & Craighero, L. (2004). The mirror-neuron system. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 20(27); Pp:169–92.

Rizzolatti G, Fadiga L, Fogassi L, Gallese V. Premotor cortex and the recognition of motor actions. Cognitive Brain Res. 1996; 3: 131

Rohbanfard, H., Proteau, L. (2012). Live vs. video presentation techniques in the observational learning of motor skills. Trends in Neuroscience and Education,  2 (1); Pp:  27-32

Ruysschaert, L., Warreyn, P., Wiersema, JR., Metin, B., & Roeyers, H. (2013). Neauronal mirroring during the observation of live and video action in infants. Clnical Neurophysiology, 124(9); Pp: 1765-177.

Seif, A.A. (2006).  Modern Psychology. Sixth Edition. Tehran. Douran publication.

 Shimada, S., & Hiraki, K. (2006). Infant's brain responses to live and televised action. NeuroImage, 32(2); Pp: 930-939.