تأثیر تحریک نورون‌های آینه‌ای بر تشخیص هیجان چشم در بزرگسالان بیش‌فعال

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار روانشناسی، دانشگاه پیام‌نور، تهران، ایران.

2 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی، دانشگاه پیام‌نور، تهران، ایران.

10.30473/clpsy.2020.40651.1498

چکیده

مقدمه: با توجه به مشکلات افراد مبتلا به بیش فعالی و نقص توجه در درک هیجانات و اهمیت این امر در کیفیت روابط اجتماعی پژوهش حاضر به منظور بررسی تأثیر درمان نوروفیدبک بر بهبود تشخیص هیجانات چشم انجام شد. روش: به این منظور ۲۴ فرد بزرگسال که شامل ۱۲ مرد و ۱۲ زن بودند در رده سنی ۱۹ تا ۳۵ سال انتخاب و در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل قرار گرفتند. این افراد با آزمون سنجش بیش‌فعالی بزرگسالان و مصاحبه ارزیابی و به شرط عدم وجود نشانه‌های دیگر اختلالات روانی که با آزمون SCL-90 سنجیده می‌شود وارد پژوهش شدند. از همه افراد ثبت الکتروآنسفالوگرافی به عمل آمد و همگی به آزمون تشخیص هیجانات چشم پاسخ دادند. گروه آزمایشی در ۱۵ جلسه درمان نوروفیدبک نیز شرکت کردند و سپس هر دو گروه مجدد مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفتند. یافته‌ها: یافته‌ها نشان داد که افراد گروه آزمایش بعد از جلسات نوروفیدبک عملکرد بهتری نسبت به گروه کنترل داشتند و تفاوت میان آن‌ها معنی‌دار بود. نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به یافته‌های پژوهش می‌توان گفت عملکرد افراد در تشخیص هیجانات محدود به نورون‌های آینه­ای کلاسیک نبوده و پردازش‌های هیجانی در مناطقی فراتر از آنچه تحت عنوان نورون‌های آینه­ای شناخته می‌شود صورت می‌پذیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of stimulation of mirror neurons on the detection of eye emotion in overactive adults

نویسندگان [English]

  • mohammad oraki 1
  • Maryam Zamani 2
1 Associate Professor of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Iran.
2 Ph.D Student of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Aim:Regarding the problems of people with ADHD and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and its importance in the quality of social relationships, the present study was conducted to investigate the effect of neurofeedback therapy on improvement of eye emotion recognition. Method: For this purpose, 24 adults including 12 males and 12 females between the ages of 19 to 25 years were selected and divided into experimental and control groups. The subjects were evaluated by an adult ADHD test and interview, and provided that no other symptoms of mental disorders were measured by the SCL-90 test. All subjects were recorded electroencephalographically and all responded to eye emotion recognition test. The experimental group also participated in 15 sessions of neurofeedback treatment and then both groups were re-evaluated. Results: The results showed that the experimental group performed better than the control group after the neurofeedback sessions and the difference between them was significant. Conclusion: According to the findings of this study, it can be concluded that individuals' performance in emotion recognition is not limited to classical mirror neurons and emotional processing takes place in areas beyond what is known as mirror neurons.
 
 


کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Mirror neurons
  • Eye emotion recognition
  • Hyperactivity
  • Neurofeedback
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