تاثیر ابعاد مختلف هیجان چهره بر ادراک زمان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد علوم اعصاب شناختی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

2 دانشیار علوم اعصاب شناختی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران. A

3 استاد روانشناسی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

4 دانشجوی دکتری علوم اعصاب شناختی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

10.30473/clpsy.2020.50157.1493

چکیده

مقدمه: تاثیر هیجان­ها بر زمان ادراک شده معمولا به دو عامل عمده برانگیختگی و خوشایندی نسبت داده می­ شود. مطالعات اخیر نشان داده است که چهره ­های هیجانی باعث اعوجاج در ادراک زمان می­ شوند. براساس مدل ساعت درون، فرض بر این است که برانگیختگی، سرعت ضربان ساز ساعت درونی را کم و زیاد کند و میزان خوشایندی هیجان باعث باز یا بسته شدن دروازه ساعت درونی می­ گردد. هدف این مطالعه بررسی سهم هر یک از این ابعاد و تفکیک نقش آن­ ها در ایجاد اعوجاج در ادراک زمان چهره­های هیجانی بوده است. روش: به این منظور 20 دانشجوی دختر یک تکلیف افتراق زمان دوبخشی را که با محرک­ه ای چهره هیجانی طراحی شده بود، اجرا نمودند. انتخاب چهره­ های هیجانی با استفاده از مدل ابعاد هیجان (خوشایندی، برانگیختگی و غلبه( صورت گرفته بود. یافته­ ها:نتایج داده­ های رفتاری نشان داد نقطه افتراق زمان برای چهره ­های هیجانی شاد در مقایسه با چهره هیجانی عصبانی و خنثی، به صورت معنادارای کوچک ­تر بود در حالی که اختلاف معنادارای بین نقاط افتراق زمان چهره عصبانی و خنثی مشاهده نشد. نتایج حاصل بر اساس نظریه انتظار عددی تفسیر شد. نتیجه گیری:ابعاد مختلف هیجان چهره بر ادراک زمان تأثیر دارد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of different emotional dimensions of emotional faces on time perception

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad ali Nazari 1
  • hasan Sabouri moghaddam 2
  • Jalil Babapour 3
  • Maryam Hosseini Houripasand 4
1 Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Tabriz,Tabriz, Iran.
2 ssociate Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Tabriz,Tabriz, Iran.
3 Professor of Psychology, University of Tabriz,Tabriz, Iran.
4 PhD student in Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Tabriz,Tabriz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Aim: Emotional effects on human time perception are generally attributed to arousal and valence of stimuli. Recent evidence suggests that perception of emotional facial expression induces temporal distortions. Based on the internal clock model, it is assumed that emotional arousal speeds up or slows down the pace maker, while valence influences the attentional processes of the switch element. The aim of our study was to investigate the contribution of each dimension and disentangle their role in facial emotion time distortion. Method: 20 female students performed a temporal bisection task using emotional facial expressions as stimuli which were selected based on PAD model. Findings: Behavioral results revealed that high arousal pleasant stimuli (happy faces) resulted in significantly smaller bisection point, while there was no significant difference between bisection points of angry and neutral faces.
The results of study were interpreted in light of SET theory and dual-stages processing of attention. Conclusion:Different Aspects of Facial Emotional affect on the Perception of Time
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Facial expressions
  • Time Perception
  • Emotional attention
  • Arousal
  • valence
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