تأثیر آموزش نوروفیدبک بر بهبود حافظه فعال کودکان مبتلا به اختلال بیش‌فعالی نقص‌توجه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران.

2 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران.

3 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی عمومی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

هدف: پژوهش حاضر باهدف بررسی تأثیر آموزش نوروفیدبک با باند فرکانس آلفا بر بهبود عملکرد حافظه فعال در کودکان مبتلا به اختلال بیش فعالی ـ نقص توجه انجام گرفت. روش: جهت اجرای این تحقیق 8 کودک مبتلا به بیش فعالی ـ نقص توجه با روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی انتخاب شدند؛ این کودکان در 10 جلسه آموزش نوروفیدبک با پروتکل تقویت آلفا شرکت کردند. برای سنجش حافظه فعال، از آزمون N-Back و آزمون حافظه وکسلر (فراخنای ارقام) استفاده شد و داده‌های حاصل از تحقیق با روش تحلیل کوواریانس و با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SPSS مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفتند. یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد که در سطح معناداری 05/0 p< بین نمره­های پیش­آزمون و پس­آزمون حافظه کاری تفاوت معنادار وجود دارد. نتیجه‌گیری: این یافته‌ها نشان می‌دهد که آموزش نوروفیدبک موجب بهبود عملکرد حافظه فعال در کودکان مبتلا به اختلال بیش فعالی ـ نقص توجه شرکت کننده در تحقیق شد؛ درواقع افزایش نسبی دامنه در باند آلفا باعث بهبود حافظه فعال گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Neuorofeedback Instruction on the Improvement of the Working Memory of Children with Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Oraki 1
  • Mahdieh Rahmanian 2
  • Nepton Tehrani 3
  • Shima Heydari 3
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of neurofeedback training whith Alpha frequency band on the improvemet of the performance of working memory in children with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Method: To perform this study, eight children with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were selected by random sampling. They participated in 10 sessions of neurofeedback training with Alpha up training Protocol. To evaluate the working memory, the N-Back Working Memory Test and Wechsler Memory Scale (Direct Numbers) were used. Data were analyzed by covariance analysis (ANCOVA) and SPSS. Results: Results showed that there was a significant difference between pretest and posttest (p

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
  • Neurofeedback
  • Working memory
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