مقایسه‌ فعالیت سیستم‌های مغزی ـ رفتاری بین ورزشکاران رشته‌های ورزشی انفرادی و گروهی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، واحد نجف‌آباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی. نجف‌آباد. اصفهان. ایران.

2 استادیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، واحد نجف‌آباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی. نجف‌آباد. اصفهان. ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: نظریه‌ زیستی سیستم‌های فعال‌ساز رفتاری گری، یکی از نظریه‌های مهم در حیطه‌ تبیین تفاوت‌های فردی است. هدف از پژوهش حاضر، مقایسه‌ فعالیت سیستم‌های مغزی ـ رفتاری بین ورزش‌‌­کاران رشته‌های انفرادی و گروهی بود. روش: طرح پژوهش حاضر به لحاظ نوع طرح، از نوع پژوهش‌های مقایسه‌ای و جامعه‌ آماری آن را، ورزش‌‌­کاران رشته‌های ورزشی اصفهان و شهرکرد تشکیل می‌دادند که به‌طور حرفه‌ای در سال 1394 در حال فعالیت بودند. نمونه‌های موردنظر در این پژوهش 120 نفر، شامل چهار گروه سی‌نفری از ورزشکاران رشته‌های ورزشی انفرادی (بدن‌سازی و دوچرخه‌سواری) و گروهی (ایروبیک و فوتبال) بودند که به شیوه‌ نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند. ابزار پژوهش، پرسشنامه‌ شخصیتی گری ـ ویلسون بود که توسط شرکت‌کنندگان تکمیل شد. داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار «اس پی اس اس» و تحلیل کوواریانس (به دلیل تفاوت معنادار متغیرهای جمعیت شناختی بین دو گروه) تحلیل شد. یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد از بین شش مؤلفه پرسشنامه شخصیتی گری ـ ویلسون، در مؤلفه روی‌آوری بین ورزشکاران رشته‌های انفرادی و گروهی تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد. در مورد سایر متغیرهای پژوهش، تفاوت معناداری مشاهده نشد. نتیجه­گیری: از این یافته‌ها می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که مؤلفه روی آورد سیستم مغزی ـ رفتاری (که به معنی جستجوی فعالانه تقویت‌کننده‌های مثبت است) ممکن است در انتخاب رشته‌های ورزشی انفرادی و گروهی نقش داشته باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Comparison of Brain-Behavioral System Activation between Individual and Group Sports Majors

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shrini Khosravi 1
  • Sayed Abbas Haghayegh 2
1 M.A. Student of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad,Isfahan,Iran.
2 Assistant Professor of Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad,Isfahan,Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The Gray bio personality theory is an important theory in explaining of individual differences. This study aimed to compare of brain-behavioral system activation between individual and group sports majors. Method: The research design was a comparative and the statistical population included professional athletes in different sports in Isfahan and Shahrekord in 2015. The using convenience sampling, 120 participants selected, including 4 groups of 30 athletes in individual/ sports. The research instruments included Gray-Wilson Personality Questionnaire, which were completed by the participants. Data was analyzed using analysis of covariance by SPSS.23. Findings: Results showed a significant difference between the individual and team athletes in approach. No significant difference was observed between the two groups in other research variables. Conclusion: According to this results, there is a significant difference between component of Approach personality in individual and group sports majors that means differences of levels of positive reinforcements.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Brain-Behavioral System Activation
  • Individual Sports
  • Group Sports
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