بررسی اثربخشی بسته آموزشی بازی‌های شناختی بر عملکرد مهارت‌های عصب روان‌شناختی دانش‌آموزان نارساخوان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترا روان‌شناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی. واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان). اصفهان. ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه روان‌شناسی و آموزش کودکان با نیازهای خاص، دانشگاه اصفهان. اصفهان. ایران.

3 دانشیار گروه مدیریت آموزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی. واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان). اصفهان. ایران.

4 استادیار گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی. واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان). اصفهان. ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: علوم اعصاب شناختی و خواندن ارتباط بسیار نزدیکی با یکدیگر دارند. با نگاهی به چالش‌های عصب‌شناختی نارساخوانی و مزایای کارکرد شناختی و عصب روان‌شناختی بازی هدف کلی پژوهش اثربخشی بسته آموزشی بازی‌های شناختی بر مهارت‌های عصب روان‌شناختی دانش‌آموزان نارساخوان بود. روش: طرح پژوهش از نوع نیمه تجربی با پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون و دوره پیگیری (2 ماه پس از اجرای پس‌آزمون) بود که 30 نفر از دانش‌آموزان نارساخوان پسر به‌طور غیر تصادفی به‌عنوان نمونه انتخاب و به‌صورت تصادفی و به‌طور مساوی در دو گروه تجربی و کنترل قرار گرفتند. آموزش به کمک ابزار محقق ساخته در 25 جلسه 5/1 ساعته طی سه ماه بر روی گروه آزمایش اجرا شد. برای گردآوری اطلاعات، از مقیاس هوشی وکسلر کودکان ویرایش چهارم، آزمون نارساخوانی نما و آزمون عصب روان‌شناختی کانرز استفاده شد. داده‌ها با استفاده از آمار توصیفی (میانگین و انحراف معیار) و آمار استنباطی (تحلیل واریانس با اندازه‌گیری مکرر) مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت یافته­ها: تحلیل داده‌ها نشان داد که آموزش بسته بازی‌های شناختی بر بهبود عملکرد عصب روان‌شناختی دانش‌آموزان نارساخوان مؤثر است (01/0pنتیجه‌گیری: بسته آموزشی بازی‌های شناختی می‌تواند رویکرد درمانی مؤثری در جهت بهبود مهارت‌های عصب روان‌شناختی دانش‌آموزان نارساخوان که پیش‌نیاز خواندن است، باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Effectiveness of Educational Package of Cognitive Plays on Performance of Neuropsychological Skills of Dyslexic Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Najmeh Dehghan 1
  • Salar Farmarzi 2
  • Mohammad-Ali Nadi 3
  • Mozhgan Arefi 4
1 Ph.D Student of Educational Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan Branch, Isfahan, Iran.
2 Associate Professor in Department of Psychology and Education of children with special needs, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.
3 Associate Professor in Department of Educational Management, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan Branch, Isfahan, Iran.
4 Assistant Professor in Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan Branch, Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Cognitive Neurosciences and reading have close relationship with each other. Neuropsychological skills are prerequisite for reading. Looking at the dyslexia neurological challenges and benefits of and neuropsychological and cognitive function of play was the general objective of the study that examined the effectiveness of educational package of cognitive plays on neuropsychological skills of dyslexic students. Methods: The study design was quasi-experimental with pre-test and post-test and follow-up period (two months after the implementation of the post-test) in which 30 dyslexia male students were selected as sample of study using non-random sampling, and they were assigned randomly into experimental and control groups. Experimental group was educated using researcher-made tool in 1.5-hour sessions over three months.For data collection, the fourth edition of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for children, dyslexia test and neuropsychological tests of Connors were used. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (analysis of variance with repeated measures). Findings: Data analysis showed that educational package of cognitive plays are effective in improving neuropsychological performance of dyslexic students (pConclusion: educational package of cognitive plays can be an effective therapeutic approach to improve the neuropsychological skills of dyslexic students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Dyslexic Students
  • Neuropsychological
  • Cognitive Plays
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