بررسی همزمان رفتاری و عصب شناختی یادگیری و انتقال تکلیف ترسیم دودستی نامتقارن.

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مربی رفتار حرکتی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز ، ایران.

2 کارشناس ارشد دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد شوشتر،شوشتر،ایران

چکیده

: هدف از پژوهش حاضر‌ بررسی همزمان رفتاری و عصب­ شناختی یادگیری و انتقال تکلیف ترسیم دودستی نامتقارن بود. روش­: پژوهش حاضر از نوع پژوهش­­های نیمه­ تجربی است. ابزار مورد استفاده شامل EEG چهارکاناله، قلم نوری با حسگر ویژه،  لپ­ تاپ، دستکش ویژه و مترونوم بود. شرکت­ کنندگان تحقیق حاضر را دانش­ آموزان پایه هشتم (با میانگین سنی ۱۳/0± ۲/۱۴) تشکیل دادند (10 N= نفر)، که همگی راست دست، راست پا و راست چشم و دارای دید طبیعی بودند و هیچ­گونه مشکل جسمانی یا حرکتی نداشتند. شرکت­ کنندگان پس از پیش­ آزمون به مدت سه روز تمرین نموده سپس پس­ آزمونها به­ عمل می­ آمد. آزمون­ ها هم در شرایط تکلیف دشوار با دست برتر (شرایط تمرینی) و هم در شرایط تکلیف دشوار با دست غیربرتر صورت گرفت. نامتقارنی به معنای تفاوت سرعت و اثر جاذبه بر دو دست بود. یافته­ ها:  نتایج نشان داد که با تمرین الگوی هماهنگی دودستی، انتقالی به حالت عکس رخ نمی­ دهد. نتایج EEG نشان داد که در تکالیف پیچیده و دشوار هماهنگی دودستی، که پیش از تمرینات تکلیف برای انجام دشوار است فعالیت نواحی قشری مغز بیشتر است و نیز نواحی مغزی حرکتی و ناحیه فرونتال نیمکره چپ فعالیت بالاتری نسبت به نیمکره راست دارد. نتیجه­ گیری: ترکیب دو یا چند ویژگی در تکالیف نامتقارن دودستی، جفت شدگی قوی­تری ایجاد می­ کنند که سطوح کنترلی سطح بالاتری را درگیر می­ کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Behavioral and neurological investigation of learning and transfer of asymmetric bimanual task.

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammadreza Doostan 1
  • Zahra BagherNezhad 2
1 Instructor of Motor Behavior , Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahwaz, Iran.
2 M.A in Motor Behavior. Islamic Azad University of shooshtar,shooshtar, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the behavioral and neurological of learning and transfer of asymmetric bimanual task. Methods: The study is quasi-experimental. Instruments used in this study included quad-channel EEG, pen Mouse, laptop, special gloves and metronome. The participations of the research were eight grade, right-handed students (mean age, 14/2 ± 0/13) formed (N=10). They has normal vision and no physical problem or there was no movement. After pre-test participants for three days of training and then post-test were performed. Tests were performed in conditions difficult task with the dominant hand and the conditions were difficult task with non-dominant hand. Asymmetric training can mean the difference was the speed and the effect of gravity on two hands. Findings: The results showed that training of bimanual coordination pattern that movement difference between two hands is both the speed and the effect of gravity, the transfer does not occur to vice versa. EEG results showed it seems that in difficult bimanual coordination task, prior training that task to do more difficult, brain activity of cortical areas is higher. Furthermore, brain activity in motor and frontal regions in the left hemisphere was higher than right hemisphere. Conclusion: Combining two or more features that together in asymmetric bimanual task to make a stronger coupling that levels of control take up a higher level.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • transfer‚ bimanual coordination of outlining‚ brain hemispheres
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