تأثیر سطح تحصیلات بر عملکرد حافظه کاری

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی مقطع دکترای تخصصی علوم اعصاب، دپارتمان علوم اعصاب، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایران، تهران

2 دانشجوی مقطع کارشناسی رشته روانشناسی و مشاوره، دانشگاه پیام نور واحد گز، اصفهان

چکیده

مقدمه: با توجه به اهمیت تحصیلات و تأثیر آن در جوانب مختلف جسمی و ذهنی و نیز عدم وجود شواهد کافی مبنی بر تأثیر سطح تحصیلات بر عملکرد حافظه کاری، در این مطالعه قصد داریم سطح تحصیلات بر عملکرد حافظه کاری را موردبررسی قرار گرفته است. روش: در تحقیق حاضر که از نوع تحقیقات همبستگی است، یک نمونه 202 نفری از هر دو جنس با محدوده سنی 30-41 سال و دارای مدارج تحصیلی دیپلم تا دکترا، به روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب و به‌وسیله آزمون‌های 1-back و 2-back ارزیابی شدند. نتایج حاصل با تجزیه‌وتحلیل واریانس مورد تحلیل و مقایسه قرار گرفت. یافته‌ها: در مقایسه نمرات 1-back و 2-back با استفاده از ANOVA، به ترتیب F برابر با 25.266 و 19.399 (0001/0>P) و در مقایسه زمان پاسخ‌های صحیح در میان گروه‌ها، F به ترتیب برابر با 31.634 و 31.861 محاسبه شد (0001/0>P) که همگی، تأثیر قابل‌توجه و معنا‌دار سطح تحصیلات بر عملکرد حافظه کاری را نشان می‌دهد. نتیجه‌گیری: تأثیر سطح تحصیلات بر روی عملکردهای شناختی تنها در مطالعات معدودی موردبررسی قرار گرفته و نتایج متناقضی را نیز در پی داشته است. بااین‌حال، مطالعه ما نشان داد که سطح تحصیلات نقش بسزایی در عملکرد حافظه کاری افراد ایفا می‌کند و با افزایش سطح تحصیلات، نمرات افراد افزایش و زمان پاسخ‌دهی آن‌ها کاهش می‌یابد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Education Level on Working Memory Performance

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Bozorgmehr 1
  • Mahdi Bozorgmehr 2
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Given the importance of education and its impact on various aspects of physical and mental functions as well as lack of evidence on the effects of education on working memory performance, this study aimed to investigate the impact of educational level on the working memory. Method: In this correlational study, a sample of 202 participants of both sexes aged between 30-41 years who held degrees from diplomas to PhD were selected by convenience sampling and were evaluated using 1-back and 2-back tasks. The data were analyzed and compared by analysis of variances. Findings: Comparing the scores of 1-back and 2-back tasks, using ANOVA, F was calculated equal to 25.266 and 19.399 (p

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Education level
  • Working memory
  • N-back Task
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