عنوان مقاله [English]
Aim: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is one of the most prevalent chronc diseases of the central nervous system among young adults, and like every other disease influences different aspects of a person's life. Methods: this research is correlation study type which use path analysis method to examine structural connections between the variables. The statistical population of this research is all members of MS patients' community of Ahvaz city in 2017 among which 260 individuals have been selected based on acceptance criteria and the sample size calculated from Cochran formula. These patients answered young schema questionnaire-short form, executive functions questionnaire and UCLA loneliness scale questionnaire. Finally, data were analyzed using SPSS and AMOS softwares. Findings: the results showed the adequate precision of the model in which early maladaptive schemas directly predicted the executive functions ( ). Early maladaptive schemas together with the sense of loneliness factor also indirectly and more precisely predicted the executive functions ( ).Conclusion: according to the results of this research early maladaptive schemas and the sense of loneliness factor are vital elements on weakening the executive functions of patients with MS. Thus, considering early maladaptive schemas and the sense of loneliness factor is essential in rehabilitation programs.
Cortez, V. R., Durlez-Sotelo, E., Carrillo-Mora, P., & Perez-Zuno, J. A. (2012). Correlation between demyelinating lesions and executive function decline in a sample of Mexican patients with Multiple Sclerosis. Journal of Neurologia, 28(7), 394-399.
Csukly, G., Telek, R., Filipovits, D., Takacs, B., et al. (2010). What is the relationship between the recognition of emotions and core beliefs: associations between the recognition of emotions in facial expressions and the maladaptive schemas in depressed patients. J Behavior Therap Exp Psychiatr, 42, 129-37.
Currie, R. Spasticity: a common symptom of Multiple Sclerosis. (2001). J Nurs Stand, 15 (33), 47-52.
Dagenais, E., Rouleau, I., Tremblay, A., Demers, M., et al. (2016). Prospective memory in Multiple Sclerosis: the impact of cue distinctiveness and executive functioning. Brain and Cognition, 109, 66-74.
Ditommaso, E., Brannen, C., & Best, L. A. (2004). Measurement and validity characteristics of the short version of the social and emotional loneliness scale for adults. Educ Psychol Meas, 64 (1), 99-119.
Dozois, D. J. A., Martin, R. A., & Bieling, P. J. (2009). Early maladaptive schemas and adaptive/maladaptive styles of humor. Cogn Ther Res, 33 (6), 585-96.